National Network on Cuba (NNOC)
   
 
Opposing the U.S. embargo and travel ban Supporting normalized relations Recognizing Cuba’s accomplishments
  You Are Here:  Home > About Cuba > Topics About Cuba > Topic Here  
 

Summary

Cuba’s Electoral System

by Jorge Soberon, Cuban Interests Section in Washington (April 2005)

Municipal level

Every two and a half years between 2 and 8 candidates to be delegates to each Municipal Assembly (Cuba has 169 Municipalities) are elected directly by the electoral constituency with more than 50 percent of the vote. To be part of the electoral constituency or to be elected at this level anyone needs to be 16 years old or more. There is no propaganda only photographs and biographies of the candidates. Voting is secret and voluntary. In the end the elected delegates to the Municipal Assemblies happens to be half of the delegates to the National Assembly of the Peoples Power. The Provincial Electoral Commission determines the size of each electoral constituency within its territory. Any organization at all, not even the Communist Party, proposes any delegates to the Municipal Assembly. Any person, whether is a member of the Communist Party or not, can propose anyone to be a delegate. The size of the electoral constituency at the Municipal level is different according to the number of the population at that level. In the case of Municipalities with more than 50,000 inhabitants there can be different electoral constituencies within the territory. Cuba has more than 11 million inhabitants and about 15 000 electoral constituencies.

Provincial and National Level


Every five years delegates to each Provincial Assembly (Cuba has 14 provinces) and delegates to the National Assembly of the Peoples Power are elected. To be a delegate at those levels or to elect any delegate at those levels you have to be at least 18 years old. The Municipal Assemblies created by the Municipal elections described above,  postulates all the candidates to be delegates to the Provincial Assemblies and to be delegates to the National Assembly of the Peoples Power, in a date that is determined by the Council of State. All this candidates are either already elected delegates to the Municipal Assemblies or personalities that live in the specified territory. Again, there is no propaganda only photographs and biographies of the candidates at both levels. Voting is secret and voluntary. Any organization at all, not even the Communist Party, proposes any delegates to these levels. Any person, whether it is a member of the Communist Party or not, can propose anyone to be a delegate. Delegates to both levels proposed by each Municipality Assembly are elected with more than 50 percent of the vote of each Municipality electoral constituency. There are delegates of the National Assembly that are priests, other delegates are not members of the Communist Party.

There are around 1,100 delegates to the Provincial Assemblies and around 600 delegates to the National Assembly of the Peoples Power.

About the National Assembly and the Council of State


45 days after each election of delegates to the National Assembly of the Peoples Power, the Council of State summons the elected delegates and they perform a direct and secret vote for a President, a Vice-president and a Secretary of the National Assembly of the Peoples Power. They also elect 31 members of the Council of State including a President, a First Vice-president, 5 Vice-presidents, a Secretary and other 23 members of the Council of State.

The National Assembly of the Peoples Power is the only organ with constituent and legislative powers.

The Council of State is the permanent representation of the National Assembly of the Peoples Power. So whether there is the National Assembly of the Peoples Power in function as a whole at specific moments of the year or the Council of State functions the rest of the time of the year.   The 1976 Constitution establishes that the President of the Council of State is the Head of State and of Government.

Other aspects

A Cuban citizen doesn't have to be a member of the Communist Party to be elected even as a delegate to the National Assembly of the Peoples Power. However, it is the desire and the will of the vast majority of the population to continue the socialist revolutionary ideas and ideals that produce a mass of delegates at every level that follow that desire and will.

The election of Fidel Castro by the delegates of the National Assembly of the Peoples Power has been a recognition of his authority and expertise both in domestic and foreign affairs during all these years.  There is nothing that prevents the delegates from choosing the President of the Council of State that they want from among the delegates of the National Assembly of the Peoples Power. Even Fidel is a delegate to the National Assembly of the Peoples Power and has to be elected as such by the procedures explained above, every 5 years.

Usually more than 95% of the constituent’s votes at every level always, this is mainly because of the profound sense of patriotism of Cubans that view each election process as an affirmation of the national sovereignty. High educational levels also contribute to these results.  More than 8 million persons vote in every electoral process. Around 45 percent of the candidates are reelected every electoral process.

 

^ Top

 

   

Home  |  Events & Groups  |  Lies About Cuba  |  Latest News  |  Visit Cuba
Get Involved  |  Contact Us  |  Site Map

Non-commercial reproduction of this site material is welcome if credited with – © copyright 2004 National Network on Cuba.